There are six main lighting options that may be beneficial to remember;
Downlights can be recessed in to the ceiling for optimum effect, you can choose from three main types of downlights: fixed (where the light beam shines directly downwards) or angled/directional (which will allow you to specifically shine the light where you need it), and low voltage (supplied for use with a transformer) or mains voltage. Choosing downlights where the bulb is fitted at a high level can help to reduce glare. If you purchase a low voltage light, this will provide you with a much brighter, whiter light in comparison to mains voltage. With downlight bulbs you can purchase different beam widths as well, which can create very unique and interesting effects. If you’re looking to create a “flood” effect, then you should choose a wide beam lamp (50 degrees) or down to 12 degrees for a narrow, precise beam. Positioning a group of narrow-angled beam downlights (200-300mm from the wall) can produce a wonderful effect.
Uplights are usually mounted on a wall in order to throw light onto the ceiling; alternatively they can be floor-mounted to add dramatic highlights to pillars or an architectural piece. It is important to check the heat output for the fitting if you are considering the floor-mounted option. Another significant point is that light tends to pick up all imperfections, so make sure when lighting your ceiling that it has a flawless finish. The last thing you need to do is to highlight the mistakes of your premise to guests.
Placing some decorative lights onto the ceiling or the wall can add additional interest and sparkle to your premise. When considering ceiling lights, be wary that ceiling pendant lights can have the effect of lowering a ceiling; therefore it is not advisable to use them for a ceiling less than 2.5m in height, with the exception of hanging low over a dining table.
4. Wall wash lights.
These can be fantastic for highlighting textured surfaces such as brickwork or tiles, wall wash lights can be surface or recessed and used to light vertical surfaces.
Floor or table lamps can add a great structure and decoration to any room and is an easy way to add further layers of light to the room. You must remember to choose shades carefully because translucent shades will give a gentle, filtered light, whereas solid shades give a stronger shaft of light.
6. Discreet lighting.
Discreet lights are exactly what the name suggests; they provide light whilst keeping the light source hidden from view. These can be positioned under shelves, within cabinets, above units etc. these can be particularly useful in creating a warm and comfortable ambience and there are many fittings available now to achieve stunning effects.